Hollandaise Sauce

Hollandaise sauce is one of the five mother sauces of the classic culinary world - five sauces that form the basis of all other sauces (because I know you're wondering... the other four sauces are Béchamel, Velouté, Tomates and Brown or Espagnol sauce). Hollandaise is probably best known as the topping to Eggs Benedict, but it's also delicious over steamed vegetables or with all kinds of fish and seafood, and of course, it's the basis for so many other sauces (Bearnaise sauce, Choron sauce) which are made easily by adding a one or two extra ingredients.

Now Let’s Get Cooking
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Hollandaise is an emulsion sauce: a sauce where two ingredients that don’t usually blend (water and fat) are suspended together. You make an emulsion sauce by breaking the molecules of one of the liquids into tiny minuscule little droplets and suspending them in the other liquid by vigorously whisking or using an electric blenderor food processor. Traditionally, Hollandaise sauce is made by whisking egg yolks, lemon juice, salt and cayenne pepper over a water bath and drizzling in clarified butter (pure butter fat with the milk solids removed). The challenge with this traditional method is that first of all, it takes some serious coordination to pour delicately with one hand, while whisking vigorously with your other and using your thirdhand to hold the bowl steady… you see what I mean? Secondly, as with all emulsion sauces, Hollandaise is prone to “breaking” or having the water and fat fall out of suspension into a liquid-y or lumpy mess, presenting another challenge. Luckily, there are solutions to both of these challenges.

Hollandaise Sauce Ingredients - butter, lemon, salt, eggs and cayenne pepper.

The first solution is to use a blenderto make your Hollandaise sauce. Using the blender means that your sauce will only be as warm as the butter you pour into it, but it’s so much easier to do than whisking by hand. The video below shows you just how easy this blender version can be. (The eggs that you use in this version are not cooked, so this is not a recipe for those with compromised immune systems, pregnant women, or those who just don’t like the idea of raw eggs.)

Hollandaise sauce pouring out of a blender.

The second solution to Hollandaise challenge is that you canfix a broken Hollandaise. If the Hollandaise becomes thin with lumps floating in it, your egg yolks became too hot and coagulated, letting the butterfat leak out. This shouldn’t happen to you if you’re using the blender method which doesn’t include whisking over a double boiler, but if it does, simply strain the lumpy sauce and then start again by drizzling that strained sauce into another egg yolk. If the Hollandaise sauce just separates and you see butter leaking out of the sauce, just whisk it vigorously again (or blend it) and it should come back together. 

A bowl of hollandaise sauce with asparagus and a ladle near by.

It’s best to serve Hollandaise sauce right away, but you can hold it for a short period of time over a pan with very low simmering water in it. This is not a sauce that you keep or store for another time however, because it will break and is next to impossible to re-heat, so use it up and enjoy it. 

Hollandaise sauce on top of Eggs Benedict on a white plate.

Watch The Recipe Video

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Blender Hollandaise Sauce

  • Prep Time: 5 m
  • Cook Time: 3 m
  • Total Time: 8 m
  • Servings:
    6
    people

Ingredients

  • 3 egg yolks
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ½ cup butter 1 stick, melted
  • pinch cayenne pepper

Instructions

  1. Combine the egg yolks, lemon juice and salt in a blender jar. Blend until well mixed.
  2. Slowly drizzle in the melted butter.
  3. Season with salt and cayenne pepper. Hold the Hollandaise in a bowl covered with plastic wrap, over a barely simmering water bath.

Stovetop Hollandaise Sauce

  • Prep Time: 5 m
  • Cook Time: 15 m
  • Total Time: 20 m
  • Servings:
    6

Ingredients

  • 3 egg yolks
  • 1 tbsp lemon juice
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1/2 cup butter unsalted
  • pinch cayenne pepper

Instructions

  1. Bring a medium saucepan of water to a boil over medium high heat. Once the water has boiled, reduce the heat to a minimum and allow the water to cool for about 5 minutes.
  2. Combine the egg yolks, lemon juice and salt together in a stainless steel bowl and whisk vigorously until the mixture has almost doubled in volume. Place the bowl over the simmering water and continue to whisk, making sure you don’t scramble the eggs. Remove the bowl from the saucepan if you suspect it might be getting too hot.
  3. Continue to stir vigorously, adding the butter as slowly as you can. Continue until all the butter has been incorporated into the egg yolks. The sauce should be thick and smooth. Check the seasonings and add the cayenne pepper. Hold the Hollandaise in the bowl covered with plastic wrap, over a barely simmering water bath.
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